How Drug Detox Can Help Improve Relationships

Alcohol and drug abuse is the root cause of many problems in an individual's life. From developing severe mental health issues and physical problems to encounter serious challenges in one of relationships, abuse of illegal substances is linked with innumerable adverse effects.

It is a well known fact that long-term, committed relationships and substance abuse do not go together. Having a partner who is engaged in drinking or abusing drugs can be an insurmountable challenge, with the negative effects rippling and influencing all the near and dear ones. In worst cases, substance abuse problem can take a heavy toll by causing an emotional distance between the partners, which usually results in frequent fights and violence at home.

Sadly, a person fighting substance abuse is deprived of the emotional connection with his or her partner resulting in the loss of trust and affection. Overall, such couples have a tough time dealing with this downward spiral, wherein a person drinks or uses drugs to reduce tension arising out of frequent conflicts, and vice versa.

Substance abuse and impact on relationships

A person abusing drugs is very likely to have a poor sex drive and may fail to maintain a healthy sexual relationship. This is because when someone is addicted to any substance, there is no room left for anything else. Some of the telltale signs that the substance abuse problem is negatively affecting one's relationships are:

  • Not taking care of responsibilities or staying out late.
  • Rising instances of domestic violence.
  • Isolating from friends and relatives to hide the drug or alcohol problem.
  • Experiencing financial problems.

When it comes to intimate relationships, believing that one can prevent problems by avoiding sexual relations post sobriety is incorrect. A complete recovery is possible only when a person gets enough love and care from his or her partner. Since intimate relationships are considered one of the most rewarding parts of human existence, a lack of it can leave people feeling unwanted and incomplete.

For a person recovering from an addiction, lack of sexual relations may lead him or her to revisit the places that had triggered drug or alcohol abuse.

How detox can be helpful in restoring relationships

When a person fighting substance abuse enters a detox program, he or she needs to work harder to recover from the addiction and regain his or her ability to enjoy fruitful relationships with the loved ones. While undergoing treatment, it is important for a person to not just focus on maintaining sobriety but also reshape his or her habits and old attitudes that could act as a barrier to his or her interpersonal or intimate relationships.

While detoxification may pave the way for a person's recovery from an addiction, it is important to ensure that it also brings back his or her sexual drive. With low self-esteem and confidence, it becomes difficult for the recovering individual to even think about any personal relationship. Undergoing a detox program can be a great help in gaining enough confidence to deal with relationship problems.

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Tips for Parents to Identify an Addiction Problem in Their Children

Addiction can begin at any stage of life. However, teens and youngsters are at the highest risk of developing addiction to alcohol or drugs. Teen drug addiction is a serious issue in the United States, with parents facing insurmountable challenges in helping their children kick the habit and starting the life afresh.

According to the 2016 report by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 5.4 percent among 8th graders, 9.8 percent among 10th graders, and 14.3 percent among 12th graders abused illicit drugs other than marijuana in 2015.

In such a situation, it is important for parents, friends, and loved ones to recognize any probable signs of drug addiction and seek immediate professional help in case the addiction problem goes out of control. Parents, being the closest to the children, should be extra cautious and keep an eye on anything unusual happening to their child, including signs of drug use and misuse, which, if undetected, could develop into a full-blown addiction.

Here are a few simple tips for the parents of substance abusers to help them recognize the symptoms of addiction early on, helping their child lead a normal life:

  1. Being a tough parent, when required: If parents are sure that their child has been indulging in some illicit act, it is important for them to show some strictness in their behavior. By being tough, parent can make their teens understand what is right and what is wrong. When it comes to illicit drugs, it is the responsibility of the father to help the child understand that it is bad for him or her her and lead the child to the right path.
  2. Strengthening the relationship with the child: To help a child overcome his or her substance abuse problem, it is important for the parents to establish a strong and positive relationship with him or her. Regularly communicating with the child can go a long way in fostering a strong bonding and letting the child to be open about his or her thoughts and views. The best way to encourage this is to engage the child in open-ended discussions where they can clearly express their views on different topics, making it easier for parents to predict their own addictive behavior.
  3. Encourage positive behavior: Parents should make it a point not to diminish their child's self-confidence, self-esteem and personal power by focusing too much on their mistakes. On the other hand, focusing on their positive attitude and encouraging them to perform better in school or at work can help the child stay away from any sort of illegal substances.
  4. Setting clear boundaries : Guidelines being a set of rules are easy to follow, whereas boundaries are more like limitations that have been imposed. But to safeguard the child from developing an addictive behavior, it is important to set certain boundaries for him or her. However, one must remember that these boundaries are set during periods of calm so that it is easier for the children to understand their importance and implement those that are acceptable.
  5. Consulting the child's pediatrician: If a child has developed an addictive behavior and intervention of parents is unable to help, it is time to seek help from the child's pediatrician. Since different drugs require different types of treatments, one must seek the most appropriate remedy to avoid misdiagnosis or improper treatment.

Help is just a call away

Interacting with one's child on a regular basis will not only bridge the gap between the parent and the child but also keep the child away from any sort of illicit substances.

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5 Misconceptions About Relapse

Developing addiction to alcohol or drugs is much easier as compared to attaining sobriety. For a regular user of illegal substances, leading an addiction-free life requires a strong willpower, dedication and patience. While a few people attain sobriety easily, many others can not come out of the clutches of addiction despite fighting a tough and a long battle with it.

During the recovery process, one of the biggest fears a patient may encounter is that of withdrawal or relapse. Many patients fighting drug abuse face various challenges in staying clear of drugs, which may hamper their goal of sobriety in the long run.

However, it has been observed that a good rehabilitation center offering the right kind of treatment and follow-up care can go a long way in helping the patient achieve sobriety. Sadly, many people still end up getting back to the substance, despite receiving the best treatment and care. At times, people fail to see the long-term benefits of addiction treatment and are gripped by the fear of relapse due to an array of misconceptions surrounding it.

Some of the common myths associated with a relapse are:

  1. Relapse occurs when a person suddenly starts using drugs during recovery. Appearsly, a relapse may begin long before a person actually gets back to the substance again. Most of the times, a relapse is preceded by a number of warning signs and paying a close attention to them which can greatly help in curbing its occurrence.
  2. Relapse exemplifies the failure of treatment. Recovery is an ongoing process. Therefore, relapse does not signify the end of the world. However, one needs to understand the problems that led to a relapse and get back to the track by reestablishing one's addiction to drugs and alcohol.
  3. Using a different drug is not relapse. Whether a person begins to use the same drug again or a new drug, it is simply a situation of relapse. Clearly, relapse does not depend on the type of the drug. Thus, a person can not be considered as sober or clean without he or she has stopped using all forms of substances.
  4. Relapse is unavoidable. It is not necessary that every individual who has completed a detox program will undergo a relapse. One can stay away from relapse by preventing any possible triggers, such as old friends or parties involving drugs or alcohol.
  5. Relapse has no specific reason. Whether it is stress, family pressure, or friends, there is always some or the other reason that instigates a person to reuse the substance of abuse. However, at times, people are convinced that they will have at least one slip-up and end up drinking or using drugs for no specific reason.

Staying sober is not difficult

Rather than stigmatizing substance abusers, one should assist them in successfully overcoming the dependence on substances. As addiction causes both mental and physical damages, detoxification becomes important in strengthening both emotional and social aspects of an individual. It is pertinent to note that every detox program, irrespective of its type, is aimed at helping a person attain a substance-free state, relief from the withdrawal symptoms, and treat the underlying psychiatric imbalance, if any.

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5 Ways Alcohol Affects the Aging Process

Many people abuse alcohol permanently knowing that it might negatively affect their physical, mental and emotional health. With a growing number of people getting hospitalized or succumbing to alcohol-related causes, alcoholism has become a major public health concern in the United States.

Studies have shown that the lethal effects of drinking are not just limited to one's health. In fact, there are numerous other aspects that are influenced by a person's drinking habit, and one such aspect is the way one ages. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), alcoholism may accelerate normal aging or cause premature aging of the brain. Its long-term misuse could accelerate the development of age-related postural instability, increasing the likelihood of falls.

Here are some common ways in which alcohol affects a person's aging process:

  1. Skin dehydration : Alcohol dehydrates the body. This is the reason why a person who consumes alcohol in excess has circles around his or her eyes and a pale complexion on the following day. Although drinking in moderate quantity does not damage the skin drastically, a regular intake of alcohol can significantly damage the skin such as cause premature wrinkles that can not be cured. An excess consumption of alcohol depletes vitamin A in the body and widens the tiny blood vessels that are closest to the outer layer of the skin. This increases the risk of permanent broken capillaries on the face.
  2. Tooth decay : Alcohol is a major cause of tooth decay and various gum diseases. It has been seen that vomiting due to heavy drinking can be dangerous to the teeth as the gastric acid destroys the enamel, which, in turn, poses the teeth to external irritants. This increases the risk of cavities and permanent stains on the teeth, thus, speeding up the aging process.
  3. Liver damage : Drinking alcohol on a regular basis can also have long-lasting effects on the liver, which affects the body's ability to process toxins. It can cause hepatitis and cirrhosis, which, in turn, may lead to deadly diseases such as jaundice and HIV, which can prove fatal. In fact, the damage caused to the liver is sure to speed up one's aging process.
  4. Increased stress : Stress, anxiety, and depression are some common factors that can speed up the aging process. When a person is added to alcohol, he or she tends to worry a lot about financial constraints that may restrict their ability to buy alcohol. In case, a person is a high-functioning alcoholic, he or she has to deal with the fear and stress of being caught. High levels of stress, over a prolonged period, can speed up the aging process by limiting the DNA strands that may lead to chronic diseases and premature death.
  5. Altered eating behavior : When a person is dependent on alcohol, he or she usually develops bad eating habits and is, instead, always thinking about how to obtain alcohol. This affects his or her eating patterns, which, in turn, leads to malnutrition. This inhibits the bodies ability to heal wounds and injuries. This is due to unhealthy eating can lead to depletion of essential vitamins and nutrients in the body such as vitamin A and C. This could lead to premature aging. Other effects of alcohol abuse are weight loss due to malnutrition, which can result in hair loss, a decrease in bone density, ulcers and reduced muscle mass.

Battle alcoholism with proper treatment

If one decides to quit alcohol the first step would be to check into a detox program to rid the body of toxins accumulated due to years of drinking. Seeking a comprehensive detox program helps one initiate the recovery process.

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Importance of a Liver Flush for Weight Loss

The liver is a very important organ located on right side of the abdomen. A healthy liver is imperative to long-term health and maintaining a healthy body weight. It is the principal organ responsible for fat-burning and therefore needs to be cleaned, or flushed, from time to time for it to function properly. When the liver is scheduled with unhealthy diet choices and has been clogged with fats, pollutants and toxins, then the body becomes sooner to weight gain because the liver now spends more time trying to get rid of the pollutants and toxins rather than functioning as it normally should. When your liver is overloaded with toxins, chemicals and the byproducts of excess food, it does not function properly. Everything we consume – food, beverages, drugs and alcohol – is processed by the liver before continuing through the other body's systems. While watching what you eat can help maintain proper liver function, periodically performing a liver flush can produce a more efficient metabolism and, as a result, you will lose weight.

It is important to flush the liver for many reasons which includes the assistance of food digestion by acting as a filter for all food and liquids consumed, according to the Center for Disease Control's Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. The liver assists in breaking down fats, retains vitamins and minerals, converts excess glucose to glycogen for storage and cleanses the blood of harmful substances, such as alcohol. According to, the liver produces about 80 percent of the cholesterol found in the body.

For the fact that the liver is typically the first organ to filter everything you consume and drink, it can become overwhelmed with fats and toxins. Even overeating can decrease liver function, because the liver stores excess food as fat. And the result of a clogged liver is weight gain. This is evident in thicker waistlines or an increase of fat around the abdomen. Flushing, or cleansing the liver, increases its ability to properly metabolize foods and liquids consumed as well as to store appropriate amounts of vitamins and minerals.

According to Gittleman and King, one benefit of flushing the liver is weight loss, because a healthy liver's metabolic function is better when the liver is cleaned. A liver flush rids your body of toxins via urination and bowel movements. Plus the food you eat is burned more effectively and your body becomes leaner.

Certain foods and liquids act to detoxify and clean the liver. By detoxifying the liver, you will drop unwanted pounds as waste passes through your digestive system. Eat foods that are high in antioxidants. Antioxidants protect and repair past damage to the liver and include foods such as beets, broccoli, onions, eggs, garlic, tomatoes, lemons, oranges, pawpaw, cranberries and watermelon. Eating a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables will flush the liver and promote better liver function overall. Additionally, drinking eight cups of water daily helps your system flush toxins from the liver and reduces water retention, which can result in pounds lost from water weight. Finally, limit your intake of alcohol and nonessential medicines or drugs. Because everything you consume must first pass through the liver, certain medications are not easily metabolized by the liver.

Note: Always consult your doctor before adopting any change in your diet or routine. This will help you to further understand the importance of diet and liver function and the correlation of a healthy liver to weight loss.

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Understanding the Process of Benzodiazepine Detox

Benzodiazepines, also known as “benzos,” are a class of psychoactive drugs that are among the most prescribed, as well as the most abused, prescription drugs in the United States. Rich in their sedative, hypnotic, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant properties, benzos, such as Xanax, Ativan, and Valium, are prescribed to treat conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, manic symptoms, etc. However, a long-term use of such drugs is generally discouraged due to their tendency to cause severe side effects such as dependency, increased risk of fall, or dementia, especially in the elderly.

However, the real challenge arises when a person who overuses such medicines develops tolerance toward them, which typically turns into an addiction. Moreover, when the person stops using the drug, he or she starts experiencing a number of withdrawal symptoms such as sleep disorders, increased irritability, cognitive and memory problems, etc.

Withdrawal symptoms of benzodiazepines

A persistent use of benzos can turn into a devastating addiction. A person dependent on such drugs continues to use them not for any symptomatic relief but for preventing painful withdrawal. Typically, the first signs of withdrawal appear within 6-8 hours for shorter-acting benzos and 24-48 hours for longer-acting benzos. However, whatever the cause or duration, withdrawal symptoms are always difficult to deal with.

A few of the common symptoms experienced by an individual withdrawal from benzos are:

  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Headaches and seizures
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia
  • Increased irritability
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Inability to concentrate and perform tasks
  • Suicidal thoughts

Benzodiazepines detox: An effective way to get rid of toxicity

The first step towards getting rid of benzodiazepine addiction is to eliminate the residues of the drug from the user's body through detoxification. Benzo detox varies from person to person and can last for a few days to several months, depending on the intensity or duration of drug abuse, among other factors.

During the benzo detox process, toxins are flushed from the user's body by removing the components of benzodiazepine that may have accumulated. As the detoxification procedures, it is normal for the person to experience several withdrawal symptoms, which could be more severe for people who have been abusing the drug over a long period.

It is advisable to undergo detox under the supervision of medical experts who can provide the right kind of guidance and support to withdraw safely from the drug, as well as reduce the chances of relapse. At the same time, one must refrain from going cold turkey as quitting the drug suddenly might lead to life-threatening withdrawal symptoms such as psychosis and seizures or excessive confusion.

This is precisely why receiving medically supervised detox is a good idea, since it helps a person stay healthy and safe while eliminating toxic substances from the body. This involves using less potent benzos, such as Diazepam (Valium) or clonazepam (Klonopin), to reduce the existing dosage of the drug and to keep the symptoms at bay. Some other medications used to relieve withdrawal symptoms are Buspirone and Flumazenil, which can alleviate the detoxification process.

Avoiding relapse is the key

People with mild addiction can opt for an outpatient detox program instead of an inpatient rehab treatment, as this allows them to get the treatment without disturbing their everyday schedule. But, opting only for a detox program is not enough to achieve sobriety. One should combine the detox process with other treatments such as counseling, behavioral therapy or medications, which can help avoid a relapse.

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What Is Anthocyanin?

Have you ever wondered why there are several food and fruits that have blue, purple, or red pigmentation? This is due to the fact that these particular foods and fruits contain a component known as Anthocyanin.

Anthocyanin is a type of flavonoid, a type or class of compounds that contain antioxidant properties in them. Found naturally in a number of foods, anthocyanins are the pigments that give red, purple, and blue plants their rich coloring. In addition to acting as antioxidants and fighting free radicals, anthocyanins may offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits.

Flavonoids are defined as a group of plant metabolites that are thought to provide health benefits through cell signaling pathways and antioxidant effects.

In herbal medicine, anthocyanin-rich substance has long been used to treat several health conditions like: high blood pressure, colds, and urinary tract infection.

Recent research suggests that anthocyanins may also help fend off major health problems, including heart disease and cancer.

Heart Disease

Anthocyanins help strengthen our heart health. In a study conducted last 2010, they have discovered that anthocyanins improve and lower cholesterol levels and improve sugar metabolism as well as protect us from oxidative stress which is a contributing factor to heart disease.

Continuous intake of anthocyanin pretended high blood pressure to some based on the study conducted in 2011 by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.


In a study conducted in 2008 by the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry found that mice and guinea pigs that were given a dose of anthocyanin lost weight in an 8-week duration or period compared with those that were given high-fat diet without a dose of anthocyanin.


In another research conducted by the Phytotherapy Research in 2010 discovered that anthocyanin that was extracted from bluberries inhibited the growth of cancer cells in the body.

Provided such research, we can say that Anthocyanin has a lot of health benefits if we are going to admit them and make them as part of our diet.

One of the latest discoveries is that maize that were planted, grown, and harvested in Southwestern American Indian countries had this particular property where blue corn or purple corn has been the leading crop in Peru. Furthermore, this has been the staple crop of the land and people who are aged 80 years are still giving birth.

Purple corn has been a source of natural dyes and three powerful antioxidants, namely:

Peonidin which causes the red and purple pigment in plants. They contain anthocyanin that can potentially inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Pleargonidin is another antioxidant which produces an orange hue.

Cyanidin-3 Glucoside which is a natural organic compound, yet another type of anthocyanin, also another antioxidant which produces a reddish-purple color.

The good thing is that purple corn is now within our reach. You can now get to try your own purple corn in the form of a juice for a very low price and for good quality.

In fact, in 1 year that this company has been producing, marketing, and selling purple corn juice, a lot of people have already been cured simply by drinking this juice.

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5 Tips to Choose the Best Detox Program

Drug addiction is a chronic mental health illness that wrecks both the physical and emotional wellbeing of an individual. A person dependent on legal or illegal drugs or medicines shows an uncontrollable drug-seeking behavior, specifically knowing its side effects. However, when someone, finally decides to tread the path of sobriety, the first step is to look for a good drug rehab center where one can find proper psychological support and care.

In an effort to cleanse the body from the toxic effects of drugs or alcohol, every year, millions of people in the US enter drug rehab centers. Treatment programs in a rehab typically use detoxification as the first step to help people get rid of the harmful substances left by a long-term addiction to alcohol or drugs.

Although every patient desires to get into the appropriate rehab that has the most advanced facilities and undergo proper detox, it may be a far-fetched dream for many who are unable to make the right choice. Before, before choosing a detox program, it is important to understand whether the treatment plan caters to one's requirements.

Here are some common factors that one could keep in mind before starting a detox program:

  1. Methods used for the treatment : Different detox programs use different methods of treatment. Therefore, it is important to check with the facility regarding the methods being used in the detox program to ensure safety and rapid recovery of the patient. One should also inquire about the counseling and therapy sessions, which help in speeding up the recovery process.
  2. Type of treatment offered : Alcohol or drug abuse is something that takes a toll on every aspect of life, including physical and mental health, relationships, work, etc. Therefore, it is important to seek a treatment program that focuses on all aspects of life, which can help a person fighting drug abuse to develop into an entirely new individual.
  3. Location of the detox facility : When opting for a detox facility, it is important to ensure that it is suitably located, away from the reach of toxic friends, abusive substances, or other negative impacts. This can double the success rate of the detox program.
  4. Treatment of other medical issues : When a person opts for a detox program, it is important for him or her to discuss in detail the complete medical history with the doctor. One should remember that providing this information to the therapist can help in planning an effective detox program as well as incorporating any precautions if required. In fact, this will not only help in attaining sobriety but also assist in improving overall health.
  5. Cost of the program : It is a common belief that higher the price, the better is the program, which may not always be true. One should never judge a detox program based on its cost. This is because attaining sobriety is a complex goal, which requires addressing at various levels and shelling out a large amount does not guarantee success.

Help is just a call away

It is very important to have a thorough understanding of how detox works and its implications. All detox should be properly assessed as relapses can be dangerous. It is imperative to find out a dependable and appropriate health care service so that the patient completes the detox program successfully.

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5 Tips for Fathers Whose Kids Abuse Substances

The biggest fear for any parent is to find out that his or her child is abusing substances. Unfortunately, the world over such cases are on the rise. What worsens the situation is that often such children or young adults end up leading a double life, which makes it difficult for people around to help them.

An adolescent might be abusive addictive substances when in school or with friends while leading a sober life at home. As a result, parents often never find out about his or her addiction. In addition, sometimes changes in the behavior of an adolescent are confused with hormonal changes, normal in this age group, further camouflaging the problem.

Both parents are equally important for a child's upbringing and well-being. However, these days even single parent families are increasing. Therefore, it is important for a father, as much as a mother is, to be aware of the symptoms of substance abuse in his child and to keep a check on it. Whenever any such signs are noticed such as a lack of interest in schoolwork, aloofness, etc., it becomes the responsibility of the father to find out if his child is into any kind of addiction and help him or her recover.

Some of the ways in which parents, specificallyathers, can help their children who are addicted to a substance, recover, are:

  1. Trust your instincts : If a person as close to a child as a father feels that his kid might be abusing an addictive substance and is in need of help, it is important to discuss the same directly with the child. A person should never ignore such feelings and discuss them in detail to provide adequate help to the child. It is possible that the child may respond in an unexpected way that may turn the discussion into an altercation. In such situations, it is advisable to remain calm as he or she might not be aware of the impact of this habit on his or her health. Alternately, the child may admit to the problem and even ask for help. In such times, it is important to reassure the child and take him or her for appropriate counseling and treatment.
  2. Violate privacy, if required : It is important to respect everyone's privacy including that of one's child. Since a growing child expects a higher level of privacy in his or her life, a father should inquire about his child's activities to the extent that does not violate his or her privacy. However, if the need arises, fathers should not give violating their kid's privacy a second thought especially when it is required to protect the child.
  3. Consult teen's pediatrician : Once it is confirmed that the child is abusing some form of illicious substance, it is important to ensure that the father takes the child to a pediatrician to check the treatment options. It is also important to find out whether the child can be treated for his or her addiction at the pediatrician's clinic. Besides a thorough consultation, he should ensure the complete assessment of the child and find out the appropriate treatment options and health care facilities, which focus on such problems.
  4. Focus on positive hits : To promote a positive attitude and behavior in children with substance abuse problems, it is important to praise their positive activities and activities. This will help in building their own self-esteem, as well as in reinforcing a healthy lifestyle.
  5. Practice self-care : Practicing self-care is extremely important for parents with a child with an addiction problem. This is because the entire phase of helping the child in recovering from his or her addiction can be tough and may cause several health issues, such as stress, depression, etc. A father can help his child in recovering faster from addiction through first caring for himself.

Make a difference

Children always need support, love and care from their parents to lead a healthy life. Therefore, parents should ensure that their relationship with the child is strong enough to allow them to guide him or her toward the right path.

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Post-Prison Psychotropic Medication May Help Check Violent Recidivism: Study

The propensity to partake in violence decrees substantively in those prisoners who are dispensed psychotic drugs after their release, a recent study, published in the JAMA Psychiatry in November 2016, says. According to it, the released prisoners in Sweden exhibited far less inclusion to indulge in violent recidivism when they were given antipsychotics, psychostimulants and drugs for addictive disorders compared to periods when they were not given these medicines, the study said.

Recidivism is a common problem among released prisoners. The researchers revealed that between 2005 and 2010, about one-third of the released prisoners in the United States and the United Kingdom were reconvicted for a fresh crime within two years. Among the 10 million prisoners worldwide in 2015, out of which 2.2 million were from the US, re-offending remained high high among the released prisoners.

The psychosocial interventions, which are the most used programs to curb re-offending, rarely show any positive result. Here, the researchers view that only psychotropic medications offer an alternative strategy to reduce re-offending. It has come to light that psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUDs) are the real culprit behind such repeat crimes by released prisoners. However, there will always be some doubts if pharmacological treatments can reduce re-offending risk.

Psychotropic medications and violent re-offending linked

Aiming to study a link between psychotropic medications and violent recidivism, the researchers, led by Seena Fazel, MD, of the University of Oxford examined 22,275 released prisoners (average age, 38 years; 92 percent male). It included all released prisoners in Sweden from July 2005 to December 2010.

During a follow-up (4.6 years), the researchers found that 4,031 individuals (18 percent) had 5,653 violent re-offs. After a close monitoring, the researchers noted that psychotropic medications were highly beneficial in reducing reoffending. They specifically prioritized three classes of psychotropic medications that helped bring down violent re-offending. They were:

  • antipsychotics that led to 42 percent reduction
  • psychostimulants that led to 38 percent reduction
  • drugs for addictive disorders that led to 52 percent reduction

However, the researchers noticed that doctors like antidepressants and antiepileptics were not linked to violent re-offending rates.

These findings may have implications for risk management because prison psychological programs need appropriate facilities, require adequately trained and supervised therapists, and are likely to be reliably expensive ,” said the researchers.

“Provision of medication after prison release needs evaluation as a potentially cost-effective crime reduction alternative. Because prisoners with psychiatric disorders benefit from both pharmacological and psychological treatments, research should investigate whether combining therapies improvements outcomes.”

Substance use and re-offending

Despite a voluminous figure of prisoners with psychiatric disorders worldwide, there is little access to psychotropic treatment by the released prisoners, the authors noted. This is one area which needs to be addressed, so that the number of re-offending cases by discharged prisoners can be checked. Greater access to such treatment would somewhat thwart the rekindling of their tendency to commit crimes.

Substance use among these prisoners also shoots up after their release, which only complicates the matter. Even though they are compelled to remain sober during the incarceration, they tend to go back to their harmful habits once released.

Recovery from addiction is possible

Helping these freed prisoners in dealing with their SUDs is important as being in a state of high increases the possibility of committing crimes. Seeking help from any reliable drug rehab center is the best solution for the convicts who were also addicts.

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Things To Keep In Mind When Using Synthetic Urine

Legit and qualified urine testing are conducted in medical examinations because this is a way to determine if a person is fit or not for a job position. However, some people vastly use synthetic urine for specific and personal reasons. Using fake urine is a practical solution to protect privacy, pass the next urine test and secure getting the job.

Using excellent synthetic urine manufactured by a trusted laboratory is a better alternative than most other common options. For example, a popular method is to ingest other substances to “mask” the presence of other unwanted substances that may be detected in your urine. This only works if you have the time and discipline to go the days-long absence and waiting time required to be effective.

1. Preparation . Do your own research to get as much information as you can about how the test will be done. Is it supervised – will someone watch you while you are urinating and collecting the sample? Will they do a body search, and if so, how will you be able to carry the fake ur kit in the most discreet way? It pays to know the name of the testing company or facility so you can find out more about their methods.

2. Go for tried and tested synthetic urine . Use synthetic chemical only if it's manufactured by a trustworthy laboratory. Drug testing technologies and methodology have become more sophisticated today, so it's important to make sure the fake urine you are using will show up as authentic in the test. Quick Fix is ​​one of the most reliable brands in the market today because it is known to mimic the characteristics of natural urine through its unique formulation. Each batch has also been tested and verified in the lab before it goes into the market, for your complete satisfaction and peace of mind.

3. Pick the one that can be used easily. When you're in the middle of a nicotine screening and you're pressured for time, the last thing you want to do is to deal with complicated contraptions, mixing powders and other multiple steps that other fake urine kits require. The good news is that leading synthetic urine brands are also designed to be fast, easy and convenient to use. Quick Fix Plus comes in a complete kit, along with a heating pad and a temperature strip to help you achieve just the right heat level for the urine. This means you do not have to DIY anything – everything is scientifically designed and prepared to provide you with a predictable and accurate result.

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Tips to Stay Sober During the Holidays

Most people know that remaining sober during holidays can be tough, especially for those in early recovery. Moreover, when everyone else is seemingly having a great time in parties, family gatherings and other social occasions, it can be difficult to get used to the idea of ​​staying sober through the holiday season. For many recovering people, holidays can be a period of sadness and grief, coupled with emotional highs and lows causing bouts of occasional happiness, anxiety, loneliness and sadness.

Those struggling during the holiday season may often link the festive season with memories of problematic relationships, irreparable personal losses, being far from a loved one or any unfortunate event. Unfortunately, such fluctuating moods may trigger relapse for people recovering from alcoholism and drug addiction. However, one need not panic, as there is hope. The blues can very well be managed, or sometimes, avoided altogether by planning ahead of time.

Tips to ensure a happy and sober holiday season

Whether someone is in recovery or not, a good holiday plan is the key to keep the blues, which threaten holiday experiences, at bay. Taking good care of oneself, ensuring support from others, and discovering innovative and healthy ways to celebrity should be on the top of one's list. Here are some useful tips that will help you strengthen your sobriety goals during the holiday season:

Setting realistic goals: Setting realistic expectations and hoping for something practical and achievable events an emotional letdown. Conflicts are inevitable in life and reunions during holidays may hold the potential to reopen old wounds. But it is important to keep calm and give up any urge to manipulate or change.

Feeling good about getting sober: Constantly reminding oneself of the benefits of being sober can be a daily morale booster. Adding a sticky note on the mirror goes a long way in encouraging positive thoughts in the mind.

Planning activities: Planning activities such as going for a movie with the family or for any sports event rather than simply sitting and chatting certainly helps in eradicating the blues. Physical activities which keep everyone busy and focused should be given priority.

Avoiding negativity: Spending less time with annoying or irritating people saves itself from significant stress. Similarly, staying away from those who are addicted to drinking helps in embracing sobriety during the holiday season.

Breaking away from routine: Celebrating the season in a unique way by breaking the normal routines, such as lending a helping hand to a favorite charity or helping the elders or the sick to spread some cheer, can be a great experience.

Accepting reality: Releasing resentments during the holidays is vital to staying sober. Making peace with the present and accepting the things that are beyond one's control can save anyone from a heartache, as well as an imminent threat of relapse.

Getting support : Finding ways to enhancing one's support system can work wonders to maintain a calm head and a sober mind. Holidays are the best times to pay more visits to therapists, spiritual advisors, as well as support and healing groups. This is an excellent way to learn about one's true potential.

Embarking on journey to sobriety

Alcohol is the most common abused substance in the United States. Drinking during the holiday season is a common phenomenon across the world. But one must remember that abuse of alcohol leads to alcoholism and alcohol addiction. Alcohol withdrawals are potentially life-threatening, therefore, those having such symptoms must undergo a detox therapy under medical supervision.

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Flatten Your Gut In 7 Days

I have been cursed or blessed (even you want to look at it) at the observation of people (including myself) and the changes in their physique over time. I observe but never judge and only give advice when asked or when hired for my diet and exercise consultation service.

You see, time just marches along and Mother Nature does not bend or change her laws to accommodate a person's bad habits. Unlike manmade laws, the laws of the Universe can not be changed just because “we do not like them”. This is a fact that needs to be understood.

You see a simple 100 drops of water in a bucket may not seem like a lot, but over 7 or 30 or 365 days it really adds up. An extra 100 calories a day adds up to 36,500 in a year and that means unwanted weight gain and many other ill side effects both physical and mental.

In 12 months time the majority of people gain unwanted weight and ill health – a few people remain the same over extended periods of time and lose weight and muscle mass and stay skinny for a few years and a select few control their diet and exercise and actually improve.

So how do you flatten your gut in 7 days? Here's how.

1. Start a new habit or replace a bad habit. You can not get rid of a bad habit; you can only replace a bad habit with a good habit. Here is a great lifestyle habit to start on Monday.

2. First thing in the morning after you roll out of bed, lie down on the floor and perform one set of abdominal crunches. I do not care if you are so out of shape that you can only do one rep – that is fine. That is one rep that will compound into many if you “Make It a Daily Habit” and add one extra rep each and every day until you reach 50 reps.

3. As soon as you finish your one set of abdominal exercise you squeeze le lemon in 8 ounces of room temperature water and drink it down. Do this before you have your morning coffee or tea.

4. If you are a male start on a healthy 1500 calorie diet.

5. If you are a female start on a healthy 1200 calorie diet.

6. Have a very large salad in the evening. This salad should have a variety of greens as well as some nuts and fruit.

7. Drink at least four eight ounces glasses of water each and every day.

8. You must eliminate as much refined and sugary foods as possible from your diet.

9. Most important of all – stick with the plan no matter what happens. Do not make excuses and alibis. Make a commitment and follow through.

If you follow this routine for 7 days you will be amazed as your gut just seems to magically shrink away as you gain more energy, stamina and an overall well being about yourself physically and mentally!

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WATER – The Ultimate Performance Ally

Water may be considered one of the world's most fundamental nutrients for life. Therefore, a lack of water within the body is capable of negatively impacting almost every activity that we try to perform. Since the perception of thirst is an inaccurate indicator of the need to consume water, dehydration has become a common ailment that often goes unnoticed until it's too late.

If we investigate the research, dehydration has a substantial effect on physical measures. Acute dehydration has been linked to conditions such as headaches, irritability, muscle cramps and fatigue; while chronic dehydration can cause sever issues like gain gain, elevated cholesterol, autoimmune diseases, asthma and allergies. Jet lag and repetitive stress injuries can also be minimized with hydration strategies by boosting circulation and depositing more oxygen rich blood to the stressed tissues. As you can see, the consequences of dehydration are truly endless.

Athlete's lives are predicated by rituals and routines, which give them a sense of control over chaotic environments. Dehydration then, can cause a sense of uneasiness for athletes because they can no longer control variables they're on to succeed. Dehydration of as little as 1-2% of body weight can begin to negatively impact strength, power and fat rates.

One of the most detrimental performance effects that an athlete can face due to dehydration is the lack of neuromuscular control in finite movements. If you look at a baseball pitcher, they are rewarded for control and accuracy. Strikeouts and home runs are the result of strict communication between the nervous system and the muscles that innervate. Dehydration results in reduced blood volume, which can lead to premature fatigue and extremely result in this loss of control. In a study by Distefano et al., 2012, researchers found that when athletes were dehydrated, they displayed unwanted hip, knee and ankle movements as well as poor landing techniques on jumping exercises. Dehydration not only compromises our success, it predispose of our body to increased injury potential.

The usual guidelines given to instructors and coaches are that person who should drink approximately two liters of water per day. Exercise and heat increase the demand for fluids. As the body works harder, more heat is created, which needs to be lost. Approximately 75% of the energy used in exercise produces heat, with the remaining 25% going to useful work. The heat loss occurs when we perspire and also when we exhale. Although it is common to think of dehydration in the context of heat and exercise, if the environment is arid then significant fluid loss can also occur through the skin and exhaled breath.

Success in any endeavor is predicated by having the optimal resources in the correct amounts. Therefore, achieving our optimum performance can not be achieved without achieving adequate hydration levels. Health, wellness, longevity, hormone balance and performance will all benefit from staying in-tune with your body hydration needs.

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Effects of Drug Abuse During Pregnancy

Women who indulge in drug abuse are at a high-risk of developing multiple social and health-related challenges, but when it comes to pregnant women, the challenges may get intensified to a greater level. Prolonged drug abuse during pregnancy can negatively affect the earliest stages of fetal development leaving long-lasting detrimental prenatal and postnatal effects that extend into early childhood and beyond.

A woman who abuses drugs during the gestation period may deliver a child with serious congenital anomalies. Such a child may also be sentenced to addiction due to prolonged exposure to drugs while in the womb.

Additionally, use of some substances can increase the risk of fetal miscarriage and cause migraine headaches, seizures or high blood pressure in the mother, which have an adverse impact on the infant. Importantly, woman who abuse tobacco, marijuana or prescription painkillers face a two to threefold risk of delivering stillborn babies.

Drug abuse in pregnant American women

According to the 2013 US National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 5.4 percent of all pregnant women reported illic drug use, while 9.4 percent reported alcohol use during the period. While the rates of alcohol consumption during pregnancy have declined significantly in the last 10-15 years due to greater public health awareness regarding the harmful effects of alcohol, many pregnant women refrain from reporting their drug abuse to doctors due to the fear of losing their baby to child protective services.

However, the introduction of painkillers, such as oxycodone and other opioids, has triggered a growing trend of prescription drug abuse among many mothers-to-be in America. Apart from opioids, pregnant women have been found to seek professional detox treatment for other illic drugs, such as marijuana, methamphetamines, cocaine, tranquilizers and sedatives, and hallucinogens and PCP.

How does drug abuse affect infants?

Drug abuse during pregnancy can hinder normal development of the baby's brain. The degree of disruption depends on multiple factors, such as chemical properties of the drug, number of doses, time and duration of exposure to the drug, etc. However, not all the disastrous effects of psychoactive drugs can be seen in the short-term. In fact, several anomalies remain hidden in the body and may surface as late as adolescence.

Heroin withdrawal during pregnancy may not be life-threatening for a healthy woman, but the unborn child certainly faces a high risk of fetal death. Women who remain untreated for prescription opioid abuse may give birth to children exposed to acute opioid instability syndrome, a condition affecting opioid-exposed infections, with symptoms such as defects in the central nervous system (CNS), as well as in the respiratory , automatic and gastrointestinal systems. Also, studies have shown a link among pregnant women using codeine in the first three months of pregnancy and congenital heart defects in infants.

Prenatal exposure to alcohol can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which is the major nonhereditary cause of intellectual disability in the Western hemisphere. As many as five of 100 FASD-affected children in the US manifest symptoms such as retarded growth, facial deformities, dysfunctional central nervous system and impaired intellect.

Leading a drug-free life

Screening for drug abuse and addiction should be a mandatory stage of obstetric care. Moreover, early in the first trimester, all pregnant women should be routinely checked for alcohol, tobacco and drug use, including nonmedical use of prescription opioids and other over-the-counter medications. Above all, doctors, medical practitioners and health care providers must adopt an unbiased, nonjudgmental and caring approach to obtain a comprehensive information regarding any instance of drug abuse among pregnant women.

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